Defining Assets on Financial Aid Applications
When it comes to applying for financial aid, parents and students tend to worry about their assets. We sometimes hear, "If I have some money saved, will colleges deny me financial aid? If I own my home or have saved for college, does that mean that colleges will take away my scholarships?" Luckily for those worried, I can say in response to these questions: no, probably not.
In general, the financial aid formula that gauges how much families can afford to pay for college is heavily weighted towards income and not assets. Only a small percentage (about 5%) of parent savings and assets reported on the financial aid applications are taken into account when determining the Student Aid Index (SAI), the number schools used to determine a student's financial aid eligibility.
Every college requires the FAFSA® as the main application for financial aid, and it's important to note that the FAFSA only asks you to report certain assets.
Here's what you don't report on the FAFSA
- Your primary home: The FAFSA doesn't expect you to list the value of your primary home as an asset that can help pay for college. Second properties, including time shares, rental homes, and vacation properties, do need to be listed.
- Your retirement savings: The FAFSA doesn't ask you to list the balance of 401Ks, IRAs, pensions, or other retirement funds. However, any tax-free contributions to such plans in the income year reported will need to be listed as untaxed income.
- The value of life insurance
With those savings not considered as assets in the federal formula, it's worth noting what actually does count as an asset on the FAFSA.
Here's what you do report on the FAFSA
- Savings and checking accounts
- Investments including stocks, CDs, mutual funds, and 529 plans and other college savings vehicles for the student applicant (don't report 529 and other college savings accounts for the student's siblings)
- Any other property owned
What about the CSS Profile?
Roughly 200 colleges, universities, and scholarship agencies require submission of the CSS Profile®, in addition to the FAFSA, to apply for financial aid. The Profile requires more information than the FAFSA, and you'll need to pretty much report every asset on the Profile. So even those assets that you left off the FAFSA will be asked about should you need to complete the Profile.
If you have further questions about assets or any other topic related to the financial aid process, please contact us at email@example.com or (800) 449-MEFA (6332). You can also learn more about financial aid by watching one of our recorded webinars. Check out Financial Aid 101, Understanding the FAFSA, or What to Know about the CSS Profile anytime.